The Entrants’ View on Collision Avoidance

Zapobieganie zderzeniom na morzu z perspektywy adeptów

1

Gdynia Maritime University, al. Jana Pawła II 3, 81-345 Gdynia, Faculty of Navigation, Science Club „Nawigator”, e-mail: olgawantula@gmail.com

2

Gdynia Maritime University, al. Jana Pawła II 3, 81-345 Gdynia, Faculty of Navigation, Science Club „Nawigator”

3

Gdynia Maritime University, Faculty of Navigation, Department of Navigation

Abstract: 

Collisions are a serious threat to ship’s safety and despite the existence of codified rules and obligatory COLREG course for the seafarers, the number of maritime accidents is still great. Noticing this we have decided to use group model building to extract the knowledge about the process of collision avoidance from our group of experts. As a result, we obtained 18 factors which we have divided into 4 categories in order of importance. After reviewing the results we have noticed that the experts focused on superficial and theoretical aspects of collision avoidance. Therefore we have concluded that their knowledge despite our initial assumptions was insufficient to thoroughly revise this topic. However, we have also recognized some patterns that would suggest that the current rules could be improved. Our goal is to cause a discussion that will, hopefully, result in changes in education, laws, or both.

Streszczenie: 

Zderzenia są poważnym zagrożeniem dla bezpieczeństwa statku i pomimo istnienia skodyfikowanych przepisów oraz obowiązkowej dla marynarzy znajomości Między­narodowych Przepisów Zapobiegania Zderzeniom na Morzu, liczba wypadków morskich wciąż jest ogromna. Zauważając to, podjęto decyzję o wykorzystaniu modelowania grupowego
w celu wydobycia wiedzy o przebiegu procesu mijania się statków z wybranej grupy ekspertów. W rezultacie uzyskano 18 czynników, które zostały podzielone na cztery kategorie w zależności od ich znaczenia. Po przejrzeniu wyników zauważono, że eksperci skupili się na powierzchownych i teoretycznych aspektach zagadnieniach unikania zderzeń statków. W związku z tym wysunięto wniosek, że ich wiedza, pomimo naszych pier­wotnych założeń, nie była wystarczająca, żeby dogłębnie przyjrzeć się tematowi. Niemniej dostrze­żono także pewne wzorce, które mogą sugerować pole do poprawy aktualnie funkcjo­nujących przepisów. Celem pracy jest spowodowanie dyskusji, która, być może, zaskutkuje zmianami w systemie edukacji marynarzy, prawie lub też w obu tych dziedzinach.

Keywords: 
maritime navigation, collisions, collision avoidance, knowledge elicitation methods
Słowa kluczowe: 
nawigacja morska, zderzenia, zapobieganie zderzeniom, metody pozyski¬wania wiedzy
Issue: 
Pages: 
116
125
Accepted: 
21.09.2018
Published: 
28.12.2018
Download full text in pdf: 

This article is an open access article distributed under a Creative Commoms Attribution (CCBY 4.0) licence

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Olga Wantuła

Citation pattern: Wantuła O., Wantuła S., Wróbel K., The Entrants’ View on Collision Avoidance, Scientific Journal of Gdynia Maritime University, No. 107, pp. 116-125, 2018

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