Traffic Rules and Environmental Conditions in Kattegat and the Sound Regarding Changes Planned for 2020

Kattegat i Sund – obowiązujące przepisy i uwarunkowania środowiskowe w odniesieniu do zmian planowanych na rok 2020

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Maritime University of Gdynia, Faculty of Navigation, Department of Navigation, al. Jana Pawła II 3, 81-345 Gdynia, e-mail: a.ungert@wn.am.gdynia.pl

Abstract: 

This paper describes presently applied sailing rules and environmental conditions on Danish waters such as Kattegat and the Sound. Those rules were established in late 70’s of the twentieth century by Danish authorities as Denmark is a coastal country and has the legal right to do so. Presently International Maritime Organization – IMO is in the process of approving a new set of routeing measures and traffic separation schemes which should comply with resolution A.257(14) – General provisions on ships’ routeing,  and will be introduced by Organization.

Streszczenie: 

W artykule przedstawiono obecnie obowiązujące zasady żeglugi na wodach duńskich wraz z opisem warunków środowiskowych panujących w rejonie cieśnin Kattegat i Sund. Trasy żeglugowe w tym rejonie zostały ustanowione przez rząd duński jako państwo nadbrzeżne w latach 70. XX w. W chwili obecnej w IMO (International Maritime Organization) trwa proces uznania rozwiązań żeglugowych w Cieśninach Duńskich, jako zalecanych przez tę organizację oraz zgodnych z rezolucją A.572(14) („Zalecenia odnośnie tras żeglugowych”).

Keywords: 
Danish waters, Kattegat, the Sound, ships' routeing, safety of navigation
Słowa kluczowe: 
Cieśniny Duńskie, Kattegat, Sund, trasy żeglugowe, bezpieczeństwo nawigacji
Issue: 
Pages: 
59
71
Accepted: 
24.10.2018
Published: 
28.12.2018
Download full text in pdf: 

This article is an open access article distributed under a Creative Commoms Attribution (CCBY 4.0) licence

References: 

IMO, 1985, International Maritime Organization, A. 572(14) – General provisions on ships' routeing (with later amendments).

IMO, 2005, International Maritime Organization, MEPC. 136(53) – Designation of the Baltic Sea as a particularly sensitive sea area.

IMO, 2017a, International Maritime Organization, NCSR 5/3/3 – Routeing measures and mandatory ship reporting system. General overview for establishment of traffic separation scheme and other routeing measures in the vicinity of Kattegat between Denmark and Sweden.

IMO, 2017b, International Maritime Organization, NCSR 5/3/4 – Routeing measures and mandatory ship reporting system. Establishment of traffic separation schemes and associated routeing measures in the vicinity of Kattegat between Denmark and Sweden.

IMO, 2017c, International Maritime Organization, NCSR 5/3/5 – Routeing measures and mandatory ship reporting system. Establishment of deep-water routes, recommended routes and precautionary area in the vicinity of Kattegat between Denmark and Sweden.

IMO, 2017d, International Maritime Organization, Ships’ Routeing 2017 Edition, Part B: I/19, I/20; Part C: I/1, I/2, I/3; Part G: I/3, I/4, London.

SOLAS 1974, 2015, Międzynarodowa konwencja o bezpieczeństwie życia na morzu, Tekst jednolity, Prawidło 10, PRS, Gdańsk.

SOLAS 1974, 2015, Międzynarodowa konwencja o bezpieczeństwie życia na morzu, Tekst jednolity, Prawidło 11, PRS, Gdańsk.

The Danish Maritime Authority & The Danish Maritime Safety Administration, 2011, Navigation through Danish Waters, http://frv.dk/SiteCollectionDocuments/pdf/NtDW.pdf, (access August 2018).

United Kingdom Hydrographic Office, 2015, NP 18 – Admiralty Sailing Directions, Baltic Pilot, vol. I, Tauton, Somerset, NtM 37/18.

United Kingdom Hydrographic Office, 2016, Nautical Chart 1301, “Kattegat North”, Scale 1:200 000, NtM 37/18.

United Kingdom Hydrographic Office, 2016, Nautical Chart 1302, Kattegat South, Scale 1:200 000, NtM 37/18.

Citation pattern: Kerbrat A., Traffic Rules and Environmental Conditions in Kattegat and the Sound Regarding Changes Planned for 2020, Scientific Journal of Gdynia Maritime University, No. 107, pp. 59-71, 2018

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