Consumer Understanding of the ‘Best Before’ and ‘Use by’ Dates


Poznań University of Economics and Business, 61-875 Poznań, al. Niepodległości 10, Poland, Department of Food Quality and Safety, Institute of Quality Science, e-mail:


The aim of the study was to evaluate the consumers’ knowledge of the concept of ‘best before’ and ‘use by’ dates, and to assess how it translates into safe and sustainable food-handling behavior in relation to a specific food and a given date type. The face-to-face interview method (N = 1145) was applied with the use of the interview questionnaire. The results showed that groups of 61.1% and 79.0% of Polish consumers who selected the correct meaning of the date had problems with food handling when they were asked about a specific food product. Consumer behavior in this regard depended on the type of product, not on the date type.

use by, best before, date labelling, consumer awareness, food waste.
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Citation pattern: Samotyja U., Consumer Understanding of the ‘Best Before’ and ‘Use by’ Dates , Scientific Journal of Gdynia Maritime University, No. 122, pp. 82-92, 2022

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