abbr. SJ GMU
ISSN 2657-5841 (printed)
ISSN 2657-6988 (online)
Impact of Voltage Subharmonics and Interharmonics on Currents in Single-Phase Induction Motors
Gdynia Maritime University, Morska 81–87, 81–225 Gdynia, Poland, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Department of Marine Electrical Power Engineering, e-mail: email@example.com
In very low power drives, a single-phase induction motor is used. This motor, like the 3-phase induction squirrel-cage motor, requires a voltage supply with suitable parameters – of suitable quality, in practice. In energy systems, voltage quality distortions may occur in connection with the deviation of the RMS voltage and the occurrence of harmonics, subharmonics and interharmonics in its waveforms. Subharmonics and interharmonics in the voltage waveforms are particularly detrimental to induction motors. They cause, for example, additional power losses, electromagnetic torque pulsation and motor vibrations. It should be stressed that the existing publications on the impact of the considered distortions on the induction squirrel-cage motor are almost only applicable to 3-phase machines. The article presents the results of research on the influence of subharmonic and interharmonic voltage components on the single-phase induction squirrel-cage motor.
This article is an open access article distributed under a Creative Commoms Attribution (CCBY 4.0) licence
Abreu de, J.P.G., Emanuel, A.E, 2002, Induction Motor Thermal Aging Caused by Voltage Distortion and Imbalance: Loss of Useful Life and Its Estimated Cost, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 12–20.
Bolen, M.H.J., Gu, I.Y.H., 2006, Origin of Power Variations Quality. Processing of Stationary Signals. In Signal Processing of Power Quality Disturbances, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, pp. 41–276.
Fuchs, E.F., Roesler, D.J., Masoum, M.A.S., 2004, Are Harmonics Recommendations According to IEEE and IEC Too Restrictive? IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 1775–1786.
Ghaseminezhad, M., Doroudi, A., Hosseinian, S.H., Jalilian, A., 2018, Investigation of Increased Ohmic and Core Losses in Induction Motors Under Voltage Fluctuation Conditions, Iran. J. Sci. Technol. Trans. Electr. Eng., vol. 43, pp. 1–10.
Ghaseminezhad, M., Doroudi, A., Hosseinian, S.H., Jalilian, A., 2021, Analytical Field Study on Induction Motors Under Fluctuated Voltages, Iran. J. Electr. Electron. Eng., vol. 17, no. 1.
Gnaciński, P., Hallmann, D., Klimczak, P., Muc, A., Pepliński, M., 2021, Effects of Voltage Interharmonicson Cage Induction Motors, Energies, vol. 14, pp. 12–18.
Gnaciński, P., Klimczak, P., 2020, High-Power Induction Motors Supplied with Voltage Containing Subharmonics, Energies, vol. 13, pp. 58–94.
Gnaciński, P., Peplinski, M., 2014, Induction Cage Machine Supplied with Voltage Containing Subharmonics and Interharmonics, IET Electric Power Applications, vol. 8, pp. 287–295.
Gnaciński, P., Pepliński, M., Hallmann, D., 2019, Currents and Power Losses of Induction Machine Under Voltage Interharmonics, Proceedings of the 2019 21st European Conference on Power Electronics and Applications (EPE'19 ECCE Europe), Genova, Italy, 3–5 September.
Gnaciński, P., Pepliński, M., Hallmann, D., Jankowski, P., 2019, The Effects of Voltage Subharmonics on Cage Induction Machine, Int. J. Electr. Power Energy Syst., vol. 111, pp. 125–131.
Gnaciński, P., Pepliński, M., Murawski, L., Szeleziński, A., 2019, Vibration of Induction Machine Supplied with Voltage Containing Subharmonics and Interharmonics, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 1928–1937.
Knockaert, J., Debruyne, C., Desmet, J., 2019, Interharmonics and LED Flicker, An assessment by CFD, Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Electricity Distribution, Madrid, Spain, 3–6 June.
Nassif, A.B., 2019, Assessing the Impact of Harmonics and Interharmonics of Top and Mudpump Variable Frequency Drives in Drilling Rigs, IEEE Transactions Industry Applications, vol. 55, pp. 5574–5583.
Pan, Y., Sangwongwanich, A., Yang, Y., Blaabjerg, F., 2020, A Phase-Shifting MPPT Method to Mitigate Interharmonics from Cascaded H-Bridge PV Inverters, Proceedings of the 2020 IEEE Applied Power Electronics Conference and Exposition (APEC), New Orleans, LA, USA, 15–19 March, pp. 157–163.
Pompy i hydrofory. Zestawy hydroforowe Webermann, http://www.superhosting.com.pl/kolanko/technika/pompy4.php.
Ravindran, V., Busatto, T., Rönnberg, S.K., Meyer, J., Bollen, M.H., 2019, Time-Varying Interharmonics in Different Types of Grid-Tied PV Inverter Systems, IEEE Transactions Power on Delivery, vol. 35, pp. 483–496.
Ravindran, V., Rönnberg, S.K., Busatto, T., Bollen, M.H., 2018, Inspection of Interharmonic Emissions from a Grid-Tied PV Inverter in North Sweden, In Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Harmonics and Quality of Power (ICHQP), Ljubljana, Slovenia, 13–16 May, pp. 1–6.
Sangwongwanich, A., Yang, Y., Sera, D., Soltani, H., Blaabjerg, F., 2018, Analysis and Modeling of Interharmonics from Grid-Connected Photovoltaic Systems, IEEE Transactions Power Electronics, vol. 33.
Sürgevil, T., Akpnar, E., 2009, Effects of Electric Arc Furnace Loads on Synchronous Generators and Asynchronous Motors, Proceedings of International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering ELECO 2009, Bursa, 5–8 November, pp. I-49– I-53.
Tarasiuk, T., 2011, Estimator-Analyzer of per Quality: Part I – Methods and Algorithms’, Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, vol. 44, no. 1, pp. 238–247.
Tennakoon, S., Perera, S., Robinson, D., 2008, Flicker Attenuation – Part I: Response of Three-Phase Induction Motors to Regular Voltage Fluctuations, IEEE Transactions Power on Delivery, vol. 23, pp. 1207–1214.
Testa, A., Akram, M.F., Burch, R., Carpinelli, G., Chang, G., Dinavahi, V., Hatziadoniu, C., Grady, W.M., Gunther, E., Halpin, M., Lehn, P., 2007, Interharmonics: Theory and Modeling, IEEE Transactions Power on Delivery, vol. 22, pp. 2335–2348.
Xia, Q., Wang, Z., Liu, F., Li, Y., Peng, Y., Xu, Z., 2017, Study on Power Quality Issues of Wind Farm, Proceedings of the 2017 36th Chinese Control Conference (CCC), Dalian, China, 26–28 July, pp. 10 490–10 494.
Yang, K., Bollen, M.H., 2017, Interharmonic Currents from a Type-IV Wind Energy Conversion System, Electricity Power System Restoration, vol. 143, pp. 357–364.